Brain InjurySome of the common changes that occur after a brain injury may affect school performance.

Physical effects

  • Seizures
  • Fatigue
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Headaches
  • Sensory overload
  • Dizziness
  • Decreased motor control/coordination
  • Bumping into things

Psychosocial and behavioral effects

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Irritability
  • Social isolation
  • Disinhibition
  • Loss of self esteem
  • Aggression
  • Hostility
  • Impulsivity, hyperactivity, distractibility
  • Faulty or poor judgment

Cognitive effects

  • Reduced attention and concentration
  • Decreased short-term memory
  • Reduced speed of processing
  • Executive functioning difficulties: organization; abstract reasoning, flexibility, planning, initiation, self-monitoring

Communication effects

  • Difficulty processing language
  • Difficulty following a rapid rate of speech
  • Following and maintaining a conversation
  • Weak organization and expression of ideas
  • Abstract language – cannot “get” jokes, expressions, metaphors
  • Difficulty keeping up with the flow of information
  • Shifting to new topics requires time