Specific Learning Disabilities

SLD is found within the Title 6A Chapter 14 – Special Education - 14-3.5 Determination of eligibility for special education and related services the term SLD is defined on page 58  # 12 of SLD – corresponds to “perceptually impaired” and means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processed involved in understanding or using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations, including conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia.

A specific learning disability can be determined with a severe discrepancy is found between the student’s current achievement and intellectual ability in one or more of the following area:

1.      Basic reading skills

2.      Reading comprehension

3.      Oral expression

4.      Listening comprehension

5.      Mathematical calculation

6.      Mathematical problem solving

7.      Written expression

8.      Reading fluency

ii. Specific learning disability may also be determined by utilizing a response to scientifically based intervention methodology as described in N.J.A.C. 6A:14-3.4(H)6.

 iii.  The term severe discrepancy does not apply to students who have learning problems that are primarily the result of visual, hearing, or motor disabilities, general cognitive deficits, emotional disturbance or environmental, cultural or economic disadvantage.

 iv. The district shall, it is utilized the severe discrepancy methodology, adopt procedures that utilize a statistical formula and criteria for determining severe discrepancy.  Evaluation shall include assessment of current academic achievement and intellectual ability.

Resources:

http://idea.ed.gov/explore/view/p/,root,dynamic,QaCorner,5,

http://nichcy.org/

http://www.helpguide.org/mental/learning_disabilities.htm